By Joshua Collier, Head of Proposition Rail & Ground Transportation
Our last instalment on electric vehicles took a user’s view from our CCO Steve Banks as we investigated whether business travel is ready for EVs. From suppliers to infrastructure, the network of support around the UK is growing at pace, but is it sufficient to support the responsibilities that customers have to their travellers?
EV for business travel
Many businesses are setting long-term carbon reduction goals, including fleets and emissions from business travel.
In November 2021, the UK Government brought forward a ban on the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2040 to 2030 and will phase out the sale of hybrid vehicles from 2035. To support this transition, half of UK businesses are planning to install EV charge points in 2022  at a cost of £15.8 billion, creating more capacity.
Unfortunately, whilst a lot of companies are keen to improve their carbon footprint and are actively asking about the switch to electric vehicles, not many understand the complexities involved in achieving their aims. They’re looking at the business case for EV in terms of emissions and their sustainability objectives, instead of the practicalities of electric vehicles.
For example, a traveller living in Nottingham travelling to Liverpool, a distance of 130 miles, has the option of train or car but needs to know where the charging points are en route to making an informed decision. More corporates need to think about the user experience for those new to electric vehicles and providing that education to end travellers at booking source will be vital.
Nearly a third of UK business travellers now want to hire an electric car, although 28% would not do so if it was more expensive than petrol or diesel. 
At Agiito we’re seeing significant demand amongst travel managers, but less so amongst business travellers, unless they‘re already EV users, due to infrastructure concerns.
Many car rental companies are yet to articulate their electric vehicle proposition fully, but all are acutely aware of the important role that Electric Vehicles will play. A completely different set of terms and conditions to traditional car rental is required. For example, if a traveller returns an electric car with a drained battery, that vehicle could be off the road for a significant period of time whilst it charges up. Rental rates are bound to reflect this, particularly given the demand challenges that exist in this sector at present.
Agiito partner Enterprise has focused on rolling out EV vehicles through their subscription-based Car Club product, aimed at non car owners in some major cities. Typically, these cars are on hire for much less time so ‘range anxiety’ is less of an issue and it is now starting to work with customers to bring this product into their car rental programmes.
Oliver Moore, Director of Travel Agency Sales at Enterprise explained their approach:
‘As consumer demand and charging infrastructure increase, EVs are playing an important part in both the future of sustainable mobility at the Enterprise fleet. In Europe we have engaged with a leading management consultancy, Roland Berger, to better understand how we can transition our business model, operations and infrastructure to operate with more EVs. Our global leadership team is using the findings from the Roland Berger study to define a long-term strategic direction for adopting EVs in the markets where Enterprise has wholly owned operations’.
Other car rental companies have fewer EV options for traditional car rental due to limited charging points at rental stations, slower turnaround periods whilst returned vehicles are re-charged, and sheer shortage of electric vehicles or cost, although some markets (due to infrastructure reasons) are much further ahead than others, such as Scandinavia where it’s quite common to hire electric vehicles.
There’s a long way to go before car rental companies offer EV vehicles as standard, but there is a need to get a move on to meet net-zero targets. Hertz has taken the lead from a car rental perspective as they look to bounce back from the pandemic and bolster their fleets by placing an order for 100,000 Tesla vehicles, which will equate to circa 20% of their fleet, in addition to announcing a partnership with Swedish EV manufacturer polestar that includes purchasing up to 65,000 electric vehicles over five years for use in the North America and Australia markets.
Taxis and Executive Vehicles
The larger taxi firms, such as Addison Lee & Free Now are well underway in rolling out electric fleets. Free now aims to be fully electric by 2025, as does Uber. Addison Lee is looking to outdo both and move to an all-electric fleet by 2023.
These providers all benefit from the clean air zones in and around major cities like London in that ICE vehicles are subject to charges to enter these zones.
Whilst electric taxis will be commonplace in London, the rest of the taxi industry, particularly those outside of London (as many cities have less restrictions) will take longer to adopt EV. Many drivers, be that chauffeurs or taxi drivers, are self-employed and with the significant cost involved to purchase EV vehicles it’s likely to be some time before EV becomes commonplace, increased rates could also be adopted to factor in the high purchasing costs.
The private hire industry will also need to overcome other challenges such as EV vehicles not being included as standard on taxi dispatch systems to enable users to select a green vehicle, whilst continuing to ensure that taxi drivers have access to reliable charging networks to avoid time off the road. Q-Park and TFL’s Taxi Card product, allowing taxi drivers to charge their vehicles in car parks throughout London is a step in the right direction but this needs to be more widely thought of for the rest of the UK.
Blacklane, which procures and manages chauffeur services worldwide on behalf of customers and proudly states that it is 100% carbon neutral, commented:
We continue to lead the way in electrification, offering Electric Class in 10 cities across 9 count